European colonialism essay

Colonial policies and directives were implemented through a central administrative organization or a colonial secretariat, with officers responsible for different departments such as Revenue, Agriculture, Trade, Transport, Health, Education, Police, Prison, and so on.

Thus it was the interplay of these economic, political, and social factors and forces that led to the scramble for Africa and the frenzied attempts by European commercial, military, and political agents to declare and establish a stake in different parts of the continent through inter-imperialist commercial competition, the declaration of exclusive claims to particular territories for trade, the imposition of tariffs against other European traders, and claims to exclusive control of waterways and commercial routes in different parts of Africa.

The colonies were ventures with charters from the British government but there was no true supervision of support because of political turmoil in the colonies.

But with time it was and it has been distorted deliberately or unknowingly by other cultures. African forces in general fought with bows, arrows, spears, swords, old rifles, and cavalries; the European forces, beneficiaries of the technical fruits of the Industrial Revolution, fought with more deadly firearms, machines guns, new rifles, and artillery guns.

In the decentralized societies, the system of indirect rule worked less well, as they did not have single rulers. As a result of industrialization, major social problems grew in Europe: Their colonial ideology explicitly claimed that they were on a "civilizing mission" to lift the benighted "natives" out of backwardness to the new status of civilized French Africans.

Some of the old societies were reconstructed and new African societies were founded on different ideological and social premises.

These social problems developed partly because not all people could be absorbed by the new capitalist industries. While they were all authoritarian, bureaucratic state systems, their forms of administration varied, partly due to European colonialism essay different national administrative traditions and specific imperialist ideologies of the colonizers and partly because of the political conditions in the various territories that they conquered.

Hence, the choice of indirect rule. The conference produced a treaty known as the Berlin Act, with provisions to guide the conduct of the European inter-imperialist competition in Africa.

Colonial policies and directives were implemented through a central administrative organization or a colonial secretariat, with officers responsible for different departments such as Revenue, Agriculture, Trade, Transport, Health, Education, Police, Prison, and so on.

He reports that in every case the support cost, especially the military system necessary to support and defend the colonies outran the total trade they produced. Colonialism normally refers to the conquest and direct control of other land and other people by Western capitalist entities intent on expanding processes of production and consumption.

The Colonization of Africa

At the end of 15th century, Portugal and Spain explored the seas to find another route to Asia through the Mediterranean Sea for three things — God, Gold and Glory. Iweriebor — Hunter College Between the s andAfrica faced European imperialist aggression, diplomatic pressures, military invasions, and eventual conquest and colonization.

With these resources and his well-trained forces and the motivation of national defense he provided his protracted resistance to the French. A focus on liberalism and nationalism, in particular, had devastating effects on colonial projects in that indigenous populations were being introduced to Enlightenment concepts such as self-attainment and national identity.

Because they were imposed and maintained by force, without the consent of the governed, the colonial states never had the effective legitimacy of normal governments.

Dozens of independence movements and global political solidarity projects such as the Non-Aligned Movement were instrumental in the decolonization efforts of former colonies. The imperatives of capitalist industrialization—including the demand for assured sources of raw materials, the search for guaranteed markets and profitable investment outlets—spurred the European scramble and the partition and eventual conquest of Africa.

Despite attempts to portray the use of indirect rule as an expression of British administrative genius, it was nothing of the sort. But the African societies eventually lost out. Consequently, African societies were in a state of flux, and many were organizationally weak and politically unstable.

Some of its major articles were as follows: One of the countries that had been colonized was At the same time, African societies put up various forms of resistance against the attempt to colonize their countries and impose foreign domination.

Colonialism

The Colonization of Africa Ehiedu E. To achieve this, the French used the policy of assimilation, whereby through acculturation and education and the fulfillment of some formal conditions, some "natives" would become evolved and civilized French Africans. For example, potential citizens were supposed to speak French fluently, to have served the French meritoriously, to have won an award, and so on.

At the provincial and district levels the British established the system of local administration popularly known as indirect rule. After discovering that they had in effect been defrauded and that the European powers now wanted to impose and exercise political authority in their lands, African rulers organized militarily to resist the seizure of their lands and the imposition of colonial domination.

These ideas gave ideological weight to nationalist youth movements in colonized spaces. He also established engineering workshops where weapons were repaired and parts were fabricated.

With these resources and his well-trained forces and the motivation of national defense he provided his protracted resistance to the French. The 17th century saw the creation of the French colonial empire and the Dutch Empireas well as the English overseas possessionswhich later became the British Empire.

Lugard simply and wisely adapted it to his ends.

The Colonization of Africa

Published: Mon, 5 Dec Prior to 19th century the rest of the world influenced little concerning Africa so called the Dark Continent in the time. However, there was some growing in the beginning of the early s when explorers started their mission to the continent’s interior.

This essay will analyze the impacts of European colonialism on African economy and society in order to assert whether or not European involvement has helped or has hurt development in the area. Furthermore, this paper will attempt to propose ideas to improve negative effects left behind due to European exploration in Africa.

Historical Context: European imperialism in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries resulted in the carving up of areas of Africa and Asia into vast colonial empires.

Colonialism Topics

This was the case for British colonialism in India. As imperialism spread, the colonizer and the colony viewed imperialism differently.

- Colonialism is a feature of European expansion that took control of territory and people across the world starting in the 16th century.

Argumentative Paper on European Colonialism

The last wave of colonialism was in Africa during the late nineteenth century, and these African colonies did not gain independence until the end of World War II. This essay will attempt to examine the geographic, political and ethnic impact European colonialism has played on the development of the African, and these contributions have put.

In this essay, however I am going to be referring to colonialism in context of political domination between sixteenth and twentieth century, and nineteen century in particular. The Third World is a more difficult concept to be precisely defined.

European colonialism essay
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